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How to call to Nigeria

How to call to Nigeria

To call Nigeria from the USA/Canada: dial 011 + 234 + phone number

Area codes of Nigeria

Lagos Zone Lagos 01
North-West Zone Sokoto 060
Kafanchan 061
Kaduna 062
Gusau 063
Kano 064
Katsina 065
Birnin-Kebbi 068
Zaria 069
Hadejia 078
Central Zone Abuja 09
Ilorin 031
Makurdi 044
Lokoja 058
Minna 066
Kontagora 067
New Bussa 033
North-East Zone Wukari 041
Lafia 047
Azare 071
Gombe 072
Jos 073
Yola 075
Maiduguri 076
Bauchi 077
Jalingo 079
South-West Zone Ibadan 02
Ado-Ekiti 030
Akure 034
Oshogbo 035
Ile-Ife 036
Ijebu-Ode 037
Oyo 038
Abeokuta 039
Ikare 050
Owo 051
Benin 053
Warri 052
Sapele 054
Agbor 055
Asaba 056
Auchi 057
Okitipupa 059
South-East Zone Enugu 042
Abakaliki 043
Ogoja 045
Onitsha 046
Awka 048
Aba 082
Owerri 083
Port-Harcourt 084
Uyo 085
Ahoada 086
Calabar 087
Umuahia 088
Yenagoa 089

Dialing procedure

The following is the procedure for dialing various destinations in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

  • Local Calls

Dial Directory Number of the wanted subscriber. It may consist of five (5) digits as in the Wukari Area or six (6) digits as in Enugu Area, or seven (7) digits as in Abuja Area.

  • STD Calls

Dial Trunk Prefix " 0" followed by the Trunk Code of the called numbering area, and followed by the Directory number of the wanted subscriber. In other words, dial trunk prefix "0" followed by the National number of the wanted subscriber as shown below;

Trunk Prefix

Trunk code for Ibadan

Directory number of a subscriber of Ibadan Exchange

Trunk Prefix

Trunk code for Lagos

Directory number of a subscriber of Lagos Exchange

Trunk Prefix

Trunk code for Abuja

Directory number of a subscriber of Abuja Exchange

  • International Calls

For subscriber dialing international traffic, the International Trunk ("009") prefix is dialed followed by the country code for the destination country and then the wanted subscriber’s national number.

International Prefix

Country Code

Trunk Code

Directory number of ITU

  • Incoming International Calls

For example, from Germany to a subscriber in Ibadan (Nigeria);

International prefix to be dialed by a German subscriber to get access to their internationalexchange

Country Code of Nigeria

Trunk Code for Ibadan

Directory number of Ibadan subscriber

  • Border Calls

For border calls from Katsina to Maradi (Niger Republic) and Sokoto to Birnin Nkoni (Niger Republic) the prefix "9" has to be dialed from the subscribers of Katsina or Sokoto. After the Prefix "9" the subscriber number of the subscriber of Niger Republic follows.

Numbering technology

The following is a listing of numbering terms and their meanings.

  • Numbering Plan

A plan for allocation of a unique National Number to each subscriber connected to the national telephone system.

  • Numbering Area

A part of the country to which a Trunk Code (or area code) has been allocated, and within that area only the Directory Numbers are dialed.

  • Trunk Prefix

The code “0” has been allotted as the Trunk Prefix for automatic national dialing. Trunk Prefix is defined as the digit or a combination of digits to be dialed by a calling subscriber so as to obtain access to a trunk code and the numbering area.

  • Trunk Code

A digit or a combination of two digits identifying the called Numbering Area within the country. e.g.
82" for Aba numbering Area
1" for Lagos Numbering Area
The prefix “0” is not part of this code.

  • Directory Number

It is the subscriber’s telephone number, which is to be dialed to reach a subscriber in the same Numbering Area. It may consist of 5, 6 or 7 digits.
e.g. "2691522" - Ikoyi Hotel, Lagos

  • National Number

Trunk Code and the subscriber telephone number taken together. e.g. "1-2691522" - Ikoyi Hotel, Lagos. The maximum length of the National number is limited to 8 digits for Nigeria (i.e. Trunk Code plus subscriber Number) in the present 11-n numbering plan format.

  • International Prefix

The international code is "009"

  • Country Code

A combination of one or two or three digits for identifying the called country. e.g. Country code for Nigeria is "234" while the Country code for Federal Republic of Germany is "49".

  • International Number

The number to be dialed following the International Prefix to obtain a subscriber in another country. The International number consists of the country code of the required country followed by the National number of the called subscriber, but does not include the Trunk prefix used in the national network of the called subscriber.

  • Exchange Code

It is the first one, two or three digits of the subscribers Telephone number (i.e. the Directory Number) which is made use of for identifying the Telephone Exchange to which the subscriber’s Telephone is connected, e.g. "269" for Ikoyi Telephone Exchange "497" for Ikeja Telephone Exchange. This code is made use of for routing calls between Exchanges within the same numbering area.

  • Local Exchange

It is the Exchange to which the subscriber lines are connected.

  • Primary Centre

It is the Trunk switching centre of the lowest hierarchy to which Local Exchanges are connected for transmitting of subscriber Trunk Dialing (S.T.D) calls. The charge determination for S.T.D. calls normally takes place in the Primary Centre.

  • Primary Area

It is the area served by a Primary switching centre. It may be co-terminus with a single Numbering Area or may cover several adjoining numbering areas.

  • Secondary Centre

It is the trunk-switching centre of higher hierarchy for transiting of traffic between primary centres. It carries only overflow traffic between Primary centres if direct high usage routes are provided between them.

  • Secondary Area

It is the area served by a Secondary centre. It covers several Primary areas depending on the number of Primary centres connected to that particular Secondary centre.

  • Subscriber Number

The subscriber number is that part of the National (significant) Number which follows the Area code. It identifies the subscriber inside his numbering Area. By adding the Area code, the number becomes unique inside Nigeria and forms the National (significant) Number. The combination of this National (Significant) Number with the Country Code identifies the subscriber unambiguously all over the world.

  • Telephone Number Composition

National Calls - National (Significant) Number

Trunk Prefix


Trunk Code


Exchange Code


Subscriber Number

International Calls - International Number
The international Prefix in Nigeria is "009".
Nigeria belongs to the world numbering Zones 2 and the country code is 234.

International Prefix


Country Code


Trunk Code


Subscriber Number

Border Communication
There are two possibilities for border communications between the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Niger Republic:

  1. From Sokoto (Nigeria) to Birnin Nkoni (Niger Republic)
  2. From Katsina (Nigeria) to Maradi (Niger Republic)

The prefix for calls to Birnin Nkoni and Maradi is the digit "9". It is shown in the Numbering Plan at Area Codes "060" and "065".

Mobile number allocation

Download PDF file: Mobile number allocation (.pdf)

Tips about calling

  • To call a Nigerian cell phone from a land line, simply follow the mobile country code dialing instructions above to place your call.
  • To call a Nigerian cell phone from your cell phone, you may need to first use the + (plus) sign prior to entering the Nigeria mobile code and telephone number.
  • If you are calling Nigeria from your cell phone, you may incur additional charges or fees from your mobile carrier. We recommend trying out a service, such as SpeedyPin Calling Cards - From 0.4¢ per Minute

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